LONG-TERM DEBT AND WARRANT LIABILITY
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Debt Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Long-Tem Debt and Warrant Liability||LONG-TERM DEBT AND WARRANT LIABILITY
Long-term debt owed by certain subsidiaries (the "Borrowers") of the Company consisted of the following as of December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2019:
Substantially all of the Company's assets are pledged as collateral under the credit agreements. The Company is neither a borrower nor a guarantor of the credit agreements. The Company's subsidiaries that are borrowers or guarantors under the credit agreements are referred to as the "Borrowers."
On January 3, 2017, the Company refinanced existing long-term debt whereby the Borrowers entered into a credit agreement with a syndicate of lenders (the "Senior Credit Agreement"). The Senior Credit Agreement had an original maximum borrowing amount of $225.0 million, consisting of a $200.0 million term loan and a $25.0 million revolving credit facility. As part of the debt refinancing on January 3, 2017, the Borrowers also entered into a Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the "GS Credit Agreement") with Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. ("Goldman Sachs" or "GS") for an $80.0 million term loan, the proceeds of which were used to refinance the amounts previously outstanding with Goldman Sachs. The Company determined that the 2017 debt refinancing should be accounted for as a debt extinguishment.
The following table summarizes changes made as the results of key amendments to the 2017 credit agreements through December 31, 2020:
(a) The GS Credit Agreement allows for payment-in-kind interest which subsequently increases the amount outstanding. Beginning with the Sixth Amendment, the Senior Credit Agreement began to allow certain amounts of interest to be treated as payment-in-kind interest and added to the outstanding borrowings balance, as discussed below under the header "Changes to Applicable Interest Rate Margins."
(b) Reported within "Debt extinguishment and modification expenses" on the Company's consolidated statements of operations.
The Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement were also amended on November 14, 2017. This amendment allows for loan advances of less than $5.0 million and for certain liens on cash securing the Company's funding obligations under a new product involving a virtual credit card program. This amendment did not affect any of the material terms, conditions, or covenants of the Senior Credit Agreement or the GS Credit Agreement.
Additionally, two amendments were executed in 2019 that concerned procedural changes to the quarterly and annual reporting for lenders and did not affect any of the material terms, conditions, or covenants of the Senior Credit Agreement or the GS Credit Agreement.
Senior Credit Agreement
Outstanding borrowings under the Senior Credit Agreement accrue interest using either a base rate (as defined) or a LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin, or percentage per annum, as provided in the amended credit agreement. For the term loan facility of the Senior Credit Facility, the Sixth Amendment provides for a LIBOR "floor" of 1.0% per annum. Accrued interest is payable quarterly. The revolving credit facility incurs a commitment fee on any undrawn amount of the $25.0 million credit line, which equates to 0.5% per annum for the unused portion.
GS Credit Agreement
Outstanding borrowings under the GS Credit Agreement accrue interest at 5.0%, plus an applicable margin, or percentage per annum, as indicated in the amended credit agreement. Accrued interest is payable quarterly at 5.0% per annum, and the accrued interest attributable to the applicable margin is capitalized as payment-in-kind ("PIK") interest each quarter.
Senior Credit Agreement - Partial Pay Down of Term Debt and Changes to Applicable Interest Rate Margins in 2020
Under the Sixth Amendment, the interest rate margins for the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement increased incrementally by 1.0% on June 16, 2020, and then increased incrementally by 0.5% on each of the dates July 16, August 15, and September 14, 2020 because the Borrowers did not make a permitted accelerated principal payment of at least $100.0 million under the term loan facility of the Senior Credit Agreement on or before those dates as described in the Sixth Amendment (the "$100.0 million principal prepayment"). The additional interest expense incurred by the Borrowers due to the increases in the applicable margin for the revolving credit facility under the Senior Credit Agreement was paid in cash and such increases for the term facility of the Senior Credit Facility and the GS Credit Agreement were accounted for as PIK interest at the election of the Borrowers.
On September 25, 2020, the Borrowers made the $100.0 million principal prepayment plus an additional $6.5 million principal prepayment to reduce the outstanding indebtedness under the term loan facility of the Senior Credit Agreement. This $106.5 million prepayment resulted in simultaneous reductions in the applicable interest rate margins under the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement, which prospectively eliminates and reverses the applicable margin increases described in the preceding paragraph.
Under the terms of the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement, the future applicable interest rate margins may vary based on the Borrowers' future Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined) in addition to future changes in the underlying market rates for LIBOR and the rate used for base-rate borrowings. The Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement also have incremental margins that would apply to the future applicable interest rates if the Borrowers are deemed to be in violation of the terms of the credit agreement.
Principal outstanding at December 31, 2020 for term debt under the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement are scheduled to be paid as follows:
Additionally, the Company may be obligated to make certain additional mandatory prepayments after the end of each year based on excess cash flow, as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement. No such prepayments were due for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Under the Senior Credit Agreement, prepayments of outstanding principal may be made in permitted increments with a 1.0% penalty for certain prepayments. Under the GS Credit Agreement, prepayment of outstanding principal is subject to a 4.0% penalty for certain prepayments occurring prior to March 18, 2021 and 2.0% for certain prepayments occurring between March 18, 2021 and March 18, 2022. Such penalties will be based on the principal amount that is prepaid, subject to the terms of the credit agreements.
On March 5, 2021, the Company entered into a debt commitment letter with Truist Bank and Truist Securities, Inc., pursuant to which Truist has committed to provide Priority with a new Term Loan Facility and Revolving Credit Facility, which will replace existing Senior loan facilities. Also, on March 5, 2021, the Company entered into a preferred stock commitment letter (the “Equity Commitment Letter”) with Ares Capital Management LLC and Ares Alternative Credit Management LLC to issue preferred stock, the proceeds of which will be partially used to entirely repay our Subordinated Debt Facility. See Note 21, Subsequent Events, for additional information.
The principal amount borrowed and outstanding under the GS Credit Agreement was $80.0 million at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Included in the outstanding principal balance at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was accumulated PIK interest of $22.6 million and $15.1 million, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the payment-in-kind (PIK) interest under the GS Credit Agreement added $7.5 million and $5.1 million, respectively, to the principal amount outstanding under the GS Credit Agreement.
Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Loan Costs and Discounts
Deferred financing costs and debt discount are being amortized using the effective interest method over the remaining term of the respective debt and are recorded as a component of interest expense. Unamortized deferred financing costs and debt discount are included in net long-term debt in the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
Interest expense, including fees for undrawn amounts under the revolving credit facility and amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts, was $44.8 million, $40.7 million, and $29.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Interest expense increased due to the amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts by $2.4 million, $1.7 million, and $1.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2019 also included a $0.4 million fee for the $70.0 million delayed principal draw under December 2018 amendment to the Senior Credit Agreement, which occurred during the first quarter of 2019.
Debt Extinguishment and Debt Modification Expenses
In addition to the $0.4 million of expenses associated with amounts paid to third parties related to the debt modification that occurred in March 2020, debt modification and extinguishment expenses for the year ended December 2020 also included the write off of certain previously deferred loan costs. The $106.5 million principal repayment made in September 2020 for the term facility of the Senior Credit Agreement was deemed to be a partial extinguishment of debt that was permitted and contemplated by the existing debt agreement, as previously amended. As a result, a proportional amount of unamortized loan costs and discount in the amount of $1.5 million were removed and expensed during the year ended December 31, 2020.
The Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement, as amended, contain representations and warranties, financial and collateral requirements, mandatory payment events, events of default, and affirmative and negative covenants, including without limitation, covenants that restrict among other things, the ability to create liens, pay dividends or distribute assets from the Company's subsidiaries to the Company, merge or consolidate, dispose of assets, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments or acquisitions, enter into certain transactions (including with affiliates), and to enter into certain leases.
The Company is also required to comply with certain restrictions on its Total Net Leverage Ratio, which is defined in the credit agreements as the ratio of consolidated total debt of the Borrowers to the Company's consolidated adjusted EBITDA (as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement and GS Credit Agreement). The maximum permitted Total Net Leverage Ratio was 7.75:1.00 at December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, the Company remained in compliance with the covenants.
The table below sets forth the maximum permitted Total Net Leverage Ratio for the indicated test periods:
Redeemed Goldman Sachs Warrant ("GS Warrant")
In connection with the prior GS Credit Agreement, Priority Holdings, LLC issued a warrant to GS to purchase 1.0% of Priority Holdings, LLC's outstanding Class A common units. As part of the 2017 debt amendment, the 1.0% warrant with GS was extinguished and Priority Holdings, LLC issued a new warrant to GS to purchase 1.8% of Priority Holding, LLC's outstanding Class A common units. As of December 31, 2017, the warrant had a fair value of $8.7 million and was presented as a warrant liability in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.On January 11, 2018, the 1.8% warrant was amended to provide GS with a warrant to purchase 2.2% of Priority Holdings, LLC's outstanding Class A common units. The change in the warrant percentage was the result of anti-dilution provisions in the warrant agreement, which were triggered by Priority Holdings, LLC's Class A common unit redemption that occurred during the first quarter of 2018. The warrant had a term of 7 years and an exercise price of $0. Since the obligation was based solely on the fact that the 2.2% interest in equity of Priority Holdings, LLC was fixed and known at inception as well as the fact that GS could exercise the warrant with a settlement in cash any time prior to the expiration date of December 31, 2023, the warrant was recorded as a liability in the Company's historical financial statements prior to redemption on July 25, 2018. On July 25, 2018, Priority Holdings, LLC and GS agreed to redeem the warrant in full in exchange for $12.7 million in cash.
The entire disclosure for information about short-term and long-term debt arrangements, which includes amounts of borrowings under each line of credit, note payable, commercial paper issue, bonds indenture, debenture issue, own-share lending arrangements and any other contractual agreement to repay funds, and about the underlying arrangements, rationale for a classification as long-term, including repayment terms, interest rates, collateral provided, restrictions on use of assets and activities, whether or not in compliance with debt covenants, and other matters important to users of the financial statements, such as the effects of refinancing and noncompliance with debt covenants.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef