Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

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GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure [Abstract]  
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill

The Company records goodwill when an acquisition is made and the purchase price is greater than the fair value assigned to the underlying separately-identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. The Company's goodwill was allocated to reporting units as follows:

(in thousands) December 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Consumer Payments $ 106,832  $ 106,832 
Integrated Partners —  2,683 
  $ 106,832  $ 109,515 


The following table summarizes the changes in the carrying value of goodwill for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018:
(in thousands) Amount
Balance at January 1, 2018 (all Consumer Payments) $ 101,532 
Additions for the year ended December 31, 2018:
  PayRight (Integrated Partners) 298 
  RadPad/Landlord Station (Integrated Partners) 2,385 
  PPS Northeast (Consumer Payments) 1,920 
  PPS Tech (Consumer Payments) 3,380 
Balance at December 31, 2019 and 2018 109,515 
Disposal of goodwill in Integrated Partners reporting unit (Note 2, Disposal of Business)
(2,683)
Balance at December 31, 2020 $ 106,832 

For business combinations consummated during the year ended December 31, 2018, goodwill is deductible for income tax purposes.

There were no impairment losses for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, or 2018. The Company performed its most recent annual goodwill impairment test as of October 1, 2020, as noted below, using the optional qualitative method. On October 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020, only one of the Company's reporting units, Consumer Payments, had goodwill assigned to it due to the 2020 events described in Note 2, Disposal of Business.

Effective for the annual reporting period ended December 31, 2020, the Company voluntarily changed the date for its annual goodwill impairment assessment from November 30 to October 1. Both dates occur in the Company’s fourth quarter. The Company believes this prospective change does not represent a material change to a method of applying an accounting principle, even though the carrying value of goodwill is material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements. This change had no effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows for any reporting period. By using the October 1 annual assessment date, the Company believes that it will be able to utilize more readily available data from both internal and external sources and have additional time to evaluate the data prior to finalizing its year-end consolidated financial statements and disclosures. Based on the last quantitative assessment performed as of November 30, 2019, the estimated fair value of the Consumer Payments reporting unit exceeded the carrying value of the reporting unit. The Consumer Payments reporting unit passed the qualitative assessment as of October 1, 2020 and the Company believes that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of the Consumer Payments reporting unit is less than its carrying amount on October 1, 2020. This change in the date for the annual impairment assessment for goodwill does not change the Company’s requirements to assess goodwill on an interim date between scheduled annual testing dates if triggering events are present. As of December 31, 2020, the Company is not aware of any triggering events that have occurred since October 1, 2020.


Other Intangible Assets

The Company's other intangible assets include acquired merchant portfolios, customer relationships, ISO relationships, trade names, technology, non-compete agreements, and residual buyouts. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized costs, including accrued contingent consideration, of $10.0 million and $3.5 million for merchant portfolios and residual buyouts, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company recognized costs, including accrued contingent consideration, of $69.8 million for merchant portfolios (including $68.7 million related to the asset acquisition from YapStone, Inc.), $19.9 million for residual buyouts, and $1.0 million for technology intangibles.

See Note 4, Asset Acquisitions, Asset Contributions, and Business Combinations, for information about contingent consideration related to acquisitions consummated in 2019 and 2018.

See Note 2, Disposal of Business, for information about intangible assets that were disposed during the year ended December 31, 2020.
At December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, other intangible assets consisted of the following:
As of December 31,
(in thousands) 2020 2019
Capitalized:
Merchant portfolios $ 55,816  $ 114,554 
Customer relationships 40,740  40,740 
Residual buyouts 116,112  112,731 
Non-compete agreements 3,390  3,390 
Trade names 2,870  2,870 
Technology 14,390  15,390 
ISO relationships 15,200  15,200 
Total capitalized $ 248,518  $ 304,875 
Less accumulated amortization:
Merchant portfolios $ (19,471) $ (12,655)
Customer relationships (30,267) (25,836)
Residual buyouts (72,659) (59,796)
Non-compete agreements (3,390) (3,390)
Trade names (1,651) (1,273)
Technology (13,951) (12,758)
ISO relationships (7,319) (6,341)
Total accumulated amortization $ (148,708) $ (122,049)
Accumulated allowance for impairment $ (1,753) $ — 
Net carrying value $ 98,057  $ 182,826 



The weighted-average amortization periods for intangible assets held at December 31, 2020 are as follows:

Useful Life Amortization Method Weighted-Average Life
Merchant portfolios
5 - 6 years
Straight-line 5.5 years
Residual buyouts
1 - 9 years
Straight-line and double declining 6.8 years
Non-compete agreements 3 years Straight-line 3.0 years
Trade names
5 -12 years
Straight-line 11.6 years
Technology
6 - 7 years
Straight-line 6.1 years
ISO relationships
11 - 25 years
Sum-of-years digits 23.7 years
Customer relationships
10 - 15 years
Straight-line and sum-of-years digits 11.0 years

Amortization expense for intangible assets was $33.1 million, $32.4 million, and $14.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
The estimated amortization expense of intangible assets as of December 31, 2020 for the next five years and thereafter is:
(in thousands)
Estimated
Year Ending December 31, Amortization Expense
2021 $ 28,216 
2022 27,066 
2023 21,280 
2024 10,126 
2025 3,671 
Thereafter 7,698 
Total $ 98,057 


Actual amortization expense to be reported in future periods could differ from these estimates as a result of new intangible asset acquisitions, changes in useful lives, and other relevant events or circumstances.

The Company tests intangible assets for impairment when events occur or circumstances indicate that the fair value of an intangible asset or group of intangible assets may be impaired. In the Company's Consumer Payments segment, a residual buyout intangible asset with a net carrying value of $2.2 million was deemed to be impaired at December 31, 2020. The fair value of this intangible asset was estimated to be approximately $0.5 million, resulting in the recognition of an impairment charge of $1.8 million and this amount is included in selling, general and administrative expenses on the Company' consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2020. This impairment was the result of diminished cash flows generated by the merchant portfolio.

The Company also considered the market conditions generated by the COVID-19 pandemic and concluded that there were no additional impairment indicators present at December 31, 2020.