|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]|
For all periods presented, most of the Company’s revenues were recognized over time. Revenues and commissions earned from the sales of payment equipment are typically recognized at a point in time.
Nature of our Customer Arrangements
The Company’s payment services customers contract with the Company for payment services, which the Company provides in exchange for consideration for completed transactions. Some of these payment services are performed by third parties.
The Company’s consumer payment services enable the Company’s customers to accept card, electronic, and digital-based payments at the point of sale. These services may include authorization services, settlement and funding services, customer support and help-desk functions, chargeback resolution, payment security services, consolidated billing and statements, and online reporting. The Company also earns revenue and commissions from resale of electronic point-of-sale (“POS”) equipment.
The Company’s commercial payment services enable the Company’s customers to automate their accounts payable and other commercial payments functions with the Company’s payment services that utilize physical and virtual payment cards as well as
ACH transactions. In addition, the Company provides cost-plus-fee turnkey business process outsourcing and assists commercial customers with programs that are designed to increase acceptance of electronic payments.
The Company's Integrated Partners segment uses payment-adjacent technologies to facilitate the acceptance of electronic payments from customers in the rental real estate, medical, and hospitality industries.
At contract inception, the Company assesses the services and goods promised in its contracts with customers and identifies the performance obligation for each promise to transfer to the customer a service or good that is distinct. For substantially all of the Company's services, the nature of the Company’s promise to the customer is to stand ready to accept and process the transactions that customers request on a daily basis over the contract term. Since the timing and quantity of transactions to be processed is not determinable, the services comprise an obligation to stand ready to process as many transactions as the customer requires. Under a stand-ready obligation, the evaluation of the nature of the Company’s performance obligation is focused on each time increment rather than the underlying activities. Therefore, the Company has determined that its services comprise a series of distinct days of service that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer. Accordingly, the promise to stand ready is accounted for as a single-series performance obligation.
When third parties are involved in the transfer of services or goods to the customer, the Company considers the nature of each specific promised service or good and applies judgment to determine whether the Company controls the service or good before it is transferred to the customer or whether the Company is acting as an agent of the third party. The Company follows the requirements of ASC 606-10, Principal Agent Considerations, which states that the determination of whether an entity should recognize revenue based on the gross amount billed to a customer or the net amount retained is a matter of judgment that depends on the facts and circumstances of the arrangement. To determine whether or not the Company controls the service or good, it assesses indicators including: 1) whether the Company or the third party is primarily responsible for fulfillment; 2) if the Company or the third party provides a significant service of integrating two or more services or goods into a combined item that is a service or good that the customer contracted to receive; 3) which party has discretion in determining pricing for the service or good; and 4) other considerations deemed to be applicable to the specific situation.
Based on assessments of these indicators, the Company concluded:
•Promises to customers to provide certain payment services is distinct from the other payment services provided by the card-issuing financial institutions, payment networks, and sponsor banks. The Company does not have the ability to direct the use of and obtain substantially all of the benefits of the services provided by the card-issuing financial institutions, payment networks, and sponsor banks before those services are transferred to the customer, and on that basis, the Company does not control those services prior to being transferred to the customer. The Company has either no or little discretion in setting the price that the customer pays for these specific services. The Company therefore acts as agent for these payment services provided by the card-issuing financial institutions, payment networks, and sponsor banks.
•For other promises to customers to provide other significant payment services such as onboarding, underwriting, processing, customer service, and fraud detection/prevention services, the Company has discretion in setting the price that the customer ultimately pays for these services and the Company either is responsible for fulfillment or has shared responsibility. If a third party is partially responsible for fulfillment, the Company provides a significant service of integrating two or more services, which may include services from other parties, and directs their use to create a combined item that is a specified service requested by the customer. For services that involve these other parties, the Company has direct contractual relationships with these parties.
Substantially all of the Company’s payment services are priced as a percentage of transaction value or a specified fee per transaction, or a combination of both. Given the nature of the promise and the underlying fees based on unknown quantities or outcomes of services to be performed over the contract terms with customers, the total consideration is determined to be variable consideration. The variable consideration for payment services is usage-based and therefore it specifically relates to efforts to satisfy the payment services obligation. Said another way, the variability is satisfied each day the service is provided to the customer. The Company directly ascribes variable fees to the distinct day of service to which it relates, and considers the services performed each day in order to ascribe the appropriate amount of total fees to that day. Therefore, the Company measures revenue for payment services on a daily basis based on the services that are performed on that day.
Once the Company determines the performance obligations and the transaction price, including an estimate of any variable consideration, the Company then allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract using a relative standalone selling price method. The Company determines standalone selling price based on the price at which the service or good is sold separately. If the standalone selling price is not observable through past transactions, the Company estimates the standalone selling price by considering all reasonably available information, including market conditions, trends or other company-specific or customer-specific factors. Substantially all of the performance obligations described above that involve services are satisfied over time. Equipment sales are generally transferred to the customer at a point in time.
In delivering payment services to the customer, the Company may also provide a limited license agreement to the customer for use of one or more of the Company’s proprietary cloud-based software applications. The Company grants a right to use its software applications only when the customer has contracted with the Company to receive related payment services. When combined with the underlying payment services, the license and the payment services provided to the customer are a single stand-ready obligation and the Company’s performance obligation is defined by each time increment, rather than by the underlying activities, satisfied over time based on days elapsed.
Interest income is reported separately on the Company’s statements of operations within Other, net and was approximately $0.8 million, $0.6 million, and $0.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.
Transaction Price Allocated to Future Performance Obligations
ASC 606 requires disclosure of the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations. However, as allowed by ASC 606, the Company has elected to exclude from this disclosure any contracts with an original duration of one year or less and any variable consideration that meets specified criteria. As described above, the Company’s most significant performance obligations consist of variable consideration under a stand-ready series of distinct days of service. Such variable consideration meets the specified criteria for the disclosure exclusion. Therefore, the majority of the aggregate amount of transaction price that is allocated to performance obligations that have not yet been satisfied is variable consideration that is not required for this disclosure. The aggregate fixed consideration portion of customer contracts with an initial contract duration greater than one year is not material.
For new, renewed, or anticipated contracts with customers, the Company does not incur material amounts of incremental costs to obtain such contracts, as those costs are defined by ASC 340-40.
Fulfillment costs, as defined by ASC 340-40, typically benefit only the period (typically a month in duration) in which they are incurred and therefore are expensed in the period incurred (i.e., not capitalized) unless they meet criteria to be capitalized under other accounting guidance.
The Company pays commissions to most of its ISOs, and for certain ISOs the Company also pays (through a higher commission rate) them to provide customer service and other services directly to our merchant customers. The ISO is typically an independent contractor or agent of the Company. Although certain ISOs may have merchant portability rights, the merchant meets the definition of a customer for the Company even if the ISO has merchant portability rights. Since payments to ISOs are dependent substantially on variable merchant payment volumes generated after the merchant enters into a new or renewed contract, these payments to ISOs are not deemed to be a cost to acquire a new contract since the ISO payments are based on factors that will arise subsequent to the event of obtaining a new or renewed contract. Also, payments to ISOs pertain only to a specific month’s activity. For payments made, or due, to an ISO, the expenses are reported within costs of services on our statements of operations.
The Company from time-to-time may elect to buy out all or a portion of an ISO’s rights to receive future commission payments related to certain merchants. Amounts paid to the ISO for these residual buyouts are capitalized by the Company under the accounting guidance for intangible assets and included in intangible assets, net on our consolidated balance sheets.
Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
A contract with a customer creates legal rights and obligations. As the Company performs under customer contracts, its right to consideration that is unconditional is considered to be accounts receivable. If the Company’s right to consideration for such performance is contingent upon a future event or satisfaction of additional performance obligations, the amount of revenues recognized in excess of the amount billed to the customer is recognized as a contract asset. Contract liabilities represent consideration received from customers in excess of revenues recognized. Material contract assets and liabilities are presented net at the individual contract level in the consolidated balance sheet and are classified as current or non-current based on the nature of the underlying contractual rights and obligations.
Supplemental balance sheet information related to contracts from customers as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 was as follows:
The balance for the contract liabilities was approximately $1.8 million and $2.2 million at January 1, 2019 and January 1, 2018, respectively. The changes in the balances during the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018 were due to the timing of advance payments received from the customer.
Net contract assets were not material for any period presented.
Impairment losses recognized on receivables or contract assets arising from the Company's contracts with customers were not material for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, or 2018.
Disaggregation of Revenues
The following table presents a disaggregation of our consolidated revenues by type for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018:
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef