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UNITED STATES
 SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
x       QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
 
o       TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                    to                  
Commission file number: 001-37872
Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
47-4257046
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
2001 Westside Parkway
Suite 155
Alpharetta, GA
 
30004
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(800) 935-5961
(Registrant's phone number, including area code)
 
Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and  (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  x     No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes  x     No  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer  
x
Smaller reporting company
x
 
 Emerging growth company
x
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨    No  x
 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001
 
PRTH
 
Nasdaq Global Market


As of May 10, 2019, 67,013,737 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were issued and outstanding.



  Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
Unaudited
(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
Cash
$
9,091

 
$
15,631

Restricted cash
20,149

 
18,200

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $511 and $484
47,902

 
45,651

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
4,394

 
3,642

Current portion of notes receivable
1,438

 
979

Settlement assets
1,006

 
1,042

Total current assets
83,980

 
85,145

 
 
 
 
Notes receivable, less current portion
717

 
852

Property, equipment, and software, net
18,381

 
17,482

Goodwill
109,515

 
109,515

Intangible assets, net
206,921

 
124,637

Deferred income taxes, net
51,313

 
49,692

Other non-current assets
1,288

 
1,295

Total assets
$
472,115

 
$
388,618

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
23,568

 
$
27,638

Accrued residual commissions
18,293

 
18,715

Customer deposits and advance payments
3,737

 
3,282

Borrowings outstanding under revolving credit facility
10,000

 

Current portion of long-term debt
3,293

 
3,293

Settlement obligations
13,381

 
11,132

Total current liabilities
72,272

 
64,060

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net of discounts and deferred financing costs
472,537

 
402,095

Other non-current liabilities
12,411

 
7,936

Total long-term liabilities
484,948

 
410,031

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
557,220

 
474,091

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders' deficit:
 
 
 
Common stock issued and outstanding
67

 
67

Additional paid-in capital
1,160

 

Accumulated deficit
(91,986
)
 
(85,540
)
Total Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. stockholders' deficit
(90,759
)
 
(85,473
)
Non-controlling interest
5,654

 

Total stockholders' deficit
(85,105
)
 
(85,473
)
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit
$
472,115

 
$
388,618

 
See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 1 -


Table of Contents

Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
For the Quarters ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
Unaudited

(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Quarter ended
March 31,

 
2019

2018
REVENUE:
 
 
 
 
Merchant card fees
 
$
91,829

 
$
108,010

Outsourced services and other
 
8,148

 
7,586

Total revenue
 
99,977

 
115,596

 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
 
Costs of merchant card fees
 
67,871

 
82,813

Costs of outsourced services and other
 
4,566

 
4,376

Salary and employee benefits
 
10,899

 
8,972

Depreciation and amortization
 
8,925

 
3,767

Selling, general and administrative
 
6,750

 
7,790

Total operating expenses
 
99,011

 
107,718

 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
 
966

 
7,878

 
 
 
 
 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(9,363
)
 
(6,929
)
Other, net
 
227

 
(4,126
)
Total other expenses, net
 
(9,136
)
 
(11,055
)
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
 
(8,170
)
 
(3,177
)
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
 
(1,724
)
 

 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,177
)
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PRO FORMA (C-corporation basis):
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
 

 
$
(665
)
Net loss
 

 
$
(2,512
)
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per common share:
 
 
 
 
     Basic and diluted
 

 
$
(0.04
)


See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 2 -


Table of Contents

Priority Technology Holdings, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
For the Quarters ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
Unaudited
(in thousands)
Quarter ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,177
)
Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
8,925

 
3,767

Equity-based compensation
1,160

 
188

Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts
405

 
308

Equity in losses and impairment of unconsolidated entities
6

 
54

Provision for deferred tax benefit
(1,621
)
 

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 
3,481

Payment-in-kind interest
1,210

 
1,193

Other non-cash
(174
)
 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(2,252
)
 
4,797

Settlement assets
36

 
2,879

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(752
)
 
(766
)
Notes receivable
(324
)
 
831

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
(3,634
)
 
(4,270
)
Settlement obligations
2,249

 
3,230

Other assets and liabilities
(28
)
 
99

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(1,240
)
 
12,614

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Payment for prior year business acquisition
(184
)
 

Additions to property, equipment and software
(2,382
)
 
(2,624
)
Acquisitions of merchant portfolios and assets
(79,612
)
 
(3,700
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(82,178
)
 
(6,324
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt, net of issue discount
69,650

 
67,113

Repayment of long-term debt
(823
)
 
(670
)
Debt issuance costs

 
(646
)
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
10,000

 

Distributions to members prior to July 25, 2018 recapitalization

 
(4,024
)
Redemptions of membership interests prior to July 25, 2018 recapitalization

 
(74,093
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
78,827

 
(12,320
)
 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and restricted cash:
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and restricted cash
(4,591
)
 
(6,030
)
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of year
33,831

 
44,159

Cash and restricted cash at March 31
$
29,240

 
$
38,129

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
7,126

 
$
5,355

 
 
 
 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Intangible assets acquired by issuing non-controlling interest in a subsidiary
$
5,654

 
$


See Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 3 -


Table of Contents


PRIORITY TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
For the Quarters Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 and as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018
Unaudited


1.    NATURE OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION


Nature of Business

Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company") are a leading fintech enterprise with strong core payments technology. The Company is headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia and operates other facilities in Texas, Tennessee, Arizona, and New York. Operations began in 2005 with a mission to build a merchant-inspired payments platform that would advance the goals of its customers and partners. Today, the Company is a leading provider of merchant acquiring and commercial payment solutions, offering unique product capabilities to small and medium size businesses and enterprises and distribution partners in the United States. The Company operates from a purpose-built business platform that includes tailored customer service offerings and bespoke technology development, allowing the Company to provide end-to-end solutions for payment and payment-adjacent needs.

The Company provides:

Consumer payments processing solutions for business-to-consumer ("B2C") transactions through independent sales organizations ("ISOs"), financial institutions, independent software vendors ("ISVs"), and other referral partners. The Company's proprietary MX platform for B2C payments provides merchants a fully customizable suite of business management solutions.
Commercial payments solutions such as automated vendor payments and professionally curated managed services to industry leading financial institutions and networks. The Company's proprietary business-to-business ("B2B") Commercial Payment Exchange (CPX) platform was developed to be a best-in-class solution for buyer/supplier payment enablement.
Institutional services (also known as Managed Services) solutions that provide audience-specific programs for institutional partners and other third parties looking to leverage the Company's professionally trained and managed call center teams for customer onboarding, assistance, and support, including marketing and direct-sales resources.
Integrated partners solutions for ISVs and other third-parties that allow them to leverage the Company's core payments engine via robust application program interfaces resources and high-utility embeddable code.
Consulting and development solutions focused on the increasing demand for integrated payments solutions for transitioning to the digital economy.

The Company provides its services through two reportable segments: (1) Consumer Payments and (2) Commercial Payments and Managed Services. For additional information about our reportable segments, see Note 15, Segment Information.

To provide many of its services, the Company enters into agreements with payment processors which in turn have agreements with multiple card associations. These card associations comprise an alliance aligned with insured financial institutions ("member banks") that work in conjunction with various local, state, territory, and federal government agencies to make the rules and guidelines regarding the use and acceptance of credit and debit cards. Card association rules require that vendors and processors be sponsored by a member bank and register with the card associations. The Company has multiple sponsorship bank agreements and is itself a registered ISO with Visa®. The Company is also a registered member service provider with MasterCard®. The Company's sponsorship agreements allow the capture and processing of electronic data in a format to allow such data to flow through networks for clearing and fund settlement of merchant transactions.


Corporate Matters

On July 25, 2018, MI Acquisitions, Inc. ("MI Acquisitions"), which was formed under the laws of the State of Delaware on April 23, 2015, acquired all of the outstanding member equity interests of Priority Holdings, LLC ("Holdings") in exchange for the

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issuance of MI Acquisitions' common stock. As a result, Holdings which was previously a privately-owned company, became a wholly-owned subsidiary of MI Acquisitions (the "Business Combination"). Simultaneously, MI Acquisitions changed its name to Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. For financial accounting and reporting purposes under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP"), the acquisition was accounted for as a "reverse merger." Under this method of accounting, MI Acquisitions is treated as the acquired entity whereby Holdings was deemed to have issued common stock for the net assets and equity of MI Acquisitions accompanied by a simultaneous equity recapitalization (the "Recapitalization") of Holdings. Net assets of the Company are stated at historical cost and accordingly the equity and net assets of the Company have not been adjusted to fair value. As of July 25, 2018, the consolidated financial statements of the Company include the combined operations, cash flows, and financial positions of both MI Acquisitions and Holdings. Prior to July 25, 2018, the results of operations, cash flows, and financial position are those of Holdings. The units and corresponding capital amounts and earnings per unit of Holdings prior to July 25, 2018 have been retroactively restated as shares reflecting the exchange ratio established in the Recapitalization.

The Company's common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol "PRTH." Certain shares of the Company's common stock are restricted shares, meaning that there are certain regulatory restrictions on the holders' abilities to sell, transfer, pledge or otherwise dispose of shares. Common shares of the Company issued to certain non-affiliates may become unrestricted common shares in the future due to the lapse of certain regulatory restrictions on the holders' ability to sell, transfer, pledge, or dispose of the unregistered shares.

The Company's Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer controls a majority of the voting power of the Company's outstanding common stock. As a result, the Company is a "controlled company" within the meaning of corporate governance standards of the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC ("Nasdaq") .


Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include those of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. All material inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. "First quarter of 2019" refers to the period covering January 1, 2019 through March 31, 2019 and "first quarter of 2018" refers to the period covering January 1, 2018 through March 31, 2018.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the SEC.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management they include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet and related footnote disclosures as of December 31, 2018 were derived from the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018. Results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year due to seasonal fluctuations in the Company's revenue as a result of consumer spending patterns.
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Prior to July 25, 2018, substantially all of the Company's operations were conducted through pass-through entities for income tax purposes, and as such the Company had no material income tax accounting reflected in its financial statements for financial reporting purposes since substantially all taxable income and deductions were "passed through" to unconsolidated owners. Effective July 25, 2018, the Company is a "C Corp" and reports its income and deductions for income tax purposes. Accordingly, effective July 25, 2018 the consolidated financial statements of the Company now account for income taxes in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 740, Income Taxes ("ASC 740").

The Company is an "emerging growth company" (EGC), as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012. The Company may remain an EGC until December 31, 2021. However, if the Company's non-convertible debt issued within a rolling

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three-year period exceeds $1.0 billion, the Company would cease to be an EGC immediately, or if its revenues for any fiscal year exceed $1.07 billion, or the market value of its common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700.0 million on the last day of the second quarter of any given year, the Company would cease to be an EGC as of the beginning of the following year. As an EGC, the Company is not required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Additionally, the Company as an EGC may continue to elect to delay the adoption of any new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As such, the Company's financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) represents the sum of net income (loss) and other amounts that are not included in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations as the amounts have not been realized. For the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no differences between the Company's net loss and comprehensive loss. Therefore, no separate Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) is included in the consolidated financial statements for the reporting periods.


Cash and Restricted Cash

Cash includes cash held at financial institutions that is owned by the Company. Restricted cash is held by the Company in financial institutions for the purpose of in-process customer settlements or reserves held per contact terms.


Reclassifications

Certain prior period amounts in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation, with no net effect on the Company's stockholders' equity (deficit) or net income (loss) for any period.


Accounting Policies

There have been no material changes to the Company's accounting policies from December 31, 2018 through March 31, 2019, however, see Note 2, Acquisitions of Assets, for information on the non-controlling interest issued in connection with certain net assets acquired from YapStone, Inc.


Components of Revenues and Expenses

Revenues

Merchant card fees revenue consists mainly of fees for processing electronic payments, including credit, debit and electronic benefit transaction card processing. The fees are generally based on a variable percentage of the dollar amount of each transaction and, in some cases, additional fees for each transaction. In addition, merchant customers may also be charged miscellaneous fees, including statement fees, annual fees, monthly minimum fees, fees for handling chargebacks, gateway fees, and fees for other miscellaneous services. Merchant card fees revenue is attributable primarily to our Consumer Payments segment.
 
Outsourced services and other revenue consist mainly of cost-plus fees related to B2B services, merchant financing and buyer-initiated payment programs sold on behalf of certain enterprise customers, originated through our in-house sales force, including incentives for meeting sales targets. Outsourced services revenue is attributable primarily to our Commercial Payments and Managed Services reportable segment. Other revenues include revenue from the sales of equipment (primarily point of sale terminals) and processing of automated clearing house ("ACH") transactions.


Costs of Services


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Costs of Merchant Card Fees

Costs of merchant card fees primarily consist of residual payments to agents and ISOs and other third-party costs directly attributable to payment processing. The residual payments represent commissions paid to agents and ISOs based upon a percentage of the net revenues generated from merchant transactions.

Costs of Outsourced Services and Other Revenue

Costs of outsourced services and other revenue consist of salaries directly related to outsourced services revenue, the cost of equipment (point of sale terminals) sold, and third-party fees and commissions related to the Company's ACH processing activities.

 
Selling, General and Administrative ("SG&A")
 
SG&A expenses include mainly professional services, advertising, rent, office supplies, software licenses, utilities, state and local franchise and sales taxes, litigation settlements, executive travel, insurance, and expenses related to the Business Combination.

Interest Expense
 
Interest expense consists of interest on outstanding debt and amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discounts.

Other, net
 
Other, net is composed of interest income, debt modification and extinguishment expenses, changes in fair value of warrant liabilities, and equity in losses and impairment of unconsolidated entities. Interest income consists mainly of interest received pursuant to notes receivable from independent sales agents. Debt modification and extinguishment expenses includes write-offs of unamortized deferred financing costs and original issue discount relating to the extinguished debt. Equity in loss and impairment of unconsolidated entities consists of the Company's share of the income or loss of its equity method investment as well as any impairment charges related to such investments.


New Accounting Standards Adopted

The Company did not adopt any new accounting standards during the quarter ended March 31, 2019.


Recently Issued Standards Not Yet Adopted

Prior to July 25, 2018, the Company was defined as a non-public entity for purposes of applying transition guidance related to new or revised accounting standards under GAAP, and as such was typically required to adopt new or revised accounting standards subsequent to the required adoption dates that applied to public companies. Subsequent to July 25, 2018, the Company retains EGC status until no later than December 31, 2021. The Company will maintain the election available to an EGC to use any extended transition period applicable to non-public companies when complying with a new or revised accounting standards. Therefore, as long as the Company retains EGC status, before December 31, 2021 the Company can continue to elect to adopt any new or revised accounting standards on the adoption date (including early adoption) required for a private company.


Revenue Recognition (ASC 606)

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which since has been codified and amended in ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This guidance clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue and will be applicable to all contracts with customers regardless of industry-specific or transaction-specific fact patterns. Further, the guidance will require improved disclosures as well as additional disclosures to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. Since

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its original issuance, the FASB has issued several updates to this guidance. The new standard could change the amount and timing of revenue and costs for certain significant revenue streams, increase areas of judgment and related internal controls requirements, change the presentation of revenue for certain contract arrangements and possibly require changes to the Company's software systems to assist in both internally capturing accounting differences and externally reporting such differences through enhanced disclosure requirements. As an EGC, the standard is effective for the Company's 2019 annual reporting period and for interim periods after 2019. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. The Company has not yet selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the effect that the standard may have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

Leases (ASC 842)

In February 2016, the FASB issued new lease accounting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02, Leases-Topic 842, which has been codified in ASC 842, Leases. Under this new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases): 1) a lease liability equal to the lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis and 2) a right-of-use asset which will represent the lessee's right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. As an EGC, this standard is effective for the Company's annual reporting period beginning in 2020 and interim reporting periods beginning first quarter of 2021. The adoption of ASC 842 will require the Company to recognize non-current assets and liabilities for right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities on its consolidated balance sheet, but it is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's results of operations or cash flows. ASC 842 will also require additional footnote disclosures to the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Credit Losses (ASU 2016-13 and ASU 2018-19)

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This new guidance will change how entities account for credit impairment for trade and other receivables, as well as for certain financial assets and other instruments. ASU 2016-13 will replace the current "incurred loss" model with an "expected loss" model. Under the "incurred loss" model, a loss (or allowance) is recognized only when an event has occurred (such as a payment delinquency) that causes the entity to believe that a loss is probable (i.e., that it has been "incurred"). Under the "expected loss" model, a loss (or allowance) is recognized upon initial recognition of the asset that reflects all future events that leads to a loss being realized, regardless of whether it is probable that the future event will occur. The "incurred loss" model considers past events and current conditions, while the "expected loss" model includes expectations for the future which have yet to occur. ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, was issued in November 2018 and excludes operating leases from the new guidance. The standard will require entities to record a cumulative-effect adjustment to the balance sheet as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact that ASU 2016-13 may have on the timing of recognizing future provisions for expected losses on the Company's accounts receivable. As an EGC, the ASU is effective for annual periods beginning in 2021 and interim periods within annual periods beginning in 2022.

Statement of Cash Flows (ASU 2016-15)
 
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230). This ASU represents a consensus of the FASB's Emerging Issues Task Force on eight separate issues that each impact classifications on the statement of cash flows. In particular, issue number three addresses the classification of contingent consideration payments made after a business combination. Under ASU 2016-15, cash payments made soon after an acquisition's consummation date (i.e., approximately three months or less) will be classified as cash outflows from investing activities. Payments made thereafter will be classified as cash outflows from financing activities up to the amount of the original contingent consideration liability. Payments made in excess of the amount of the original contingent consideration liability will be classified as cash outflows from operating activities. As an EGC, this ASU is effective for the Company for years beginning in 2019 and interim periods within years beginning in 2020. The Company is evaluating the effect this ASU will have on its consolidated statement of cash flows.

Goodwill Impairment Testing (ASU 2017-04)

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.  ASU 2017-04 will eliminate the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill (i.e., step 2 of the current goodwill impairment test) to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on

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the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value (i.e., measure the charge based on the current step 1). Any impairment charge will be limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to an impacted reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 will not change the current guidance for completing Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test, and an entity will still be able to perform the current optional qualitative goodwill impairment assessment before determining whether to proceed to Step 1. Upon adoption, the ASU will be applied prospectively. As an EGC, this ASU will be effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed in periods beginning in 2022. The impact that ASU 2017-04 may have on the Company's financial condition or results of operations will depend on the circumstances of any goodwill impairment event that may occur after adoption.

Share-Based Payments to Non-Employees (ASU 2018-07)

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Share-based Payments to Non-Employees, to simplify the accounting for share-based payments to non-employees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions. As an EGC, the ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning in 2020 and interim periods within annual periods beginning in the first quarter of 2021, but not before the Company adopts ASC 606, Revenue Recognition. The Company is evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

Disclosures for Fair Value Measurements (ASU 2018-13)

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This ASU eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements as part of the FASB's disclosure framework project. For all entities, this ASU is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning in 2020. Certain amendments must be applied prospectively while others are to be applied on a retrospective basis to all periods presented. As disclosure guidance, the adoption of this ASU will not have an effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Implementation Costs Incurred in Cloud Computing Arrangements (ASU 2018-15)

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Implementation Costs Incurred in Cloud Computing Arrangements ("ASU 2018-15"), which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). As an EGC, this ASU is effective for the Company for annual reporting periods beginning in 2021, and interim periods within annual periods beginning in 2022. The amendments should be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. The Company is evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.


Concentration of Risk

The Company's revenue is substantially derived from processing Visa® and MasterCard® bank card transactions. Because the Company is not a member bank, in order to process these bank card transactions, the Company maintains sponsorship agreements with member banks which require, among other things, that the Company abide by the by-laws and regulations of the card associations.

Substantially all of the Company's revenues and receivables are attributable to merchant customer transactions, which are processed by third-party payment processors.

A majority of the Company's cash and restricted cash is held in certain financial institutions, substantially all of which is in excess of federal deposit insurance corporation limits. The Company does not believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk from these transactions.

No one merchant customer accounted for 10% or more of the Company's consolidated revenues for any period presented.



2.    ACQUISITIONS OF ASSETS

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YapStone

In March 2019, the Company, through one of its subsidiaries, Priority Real Estate Technology, LLC ("PRET"), acquired certain assets and assumed certain related liabilities (the "YapStone net assets") from YapStone, Inc. ("YapStone") under an asset purchase and contribution agreement. The purchase price for the YapStone net assets was $65.0 million in cash plus a non-controlling interest in PRET. The fair value of the non-controlling interest was estimated to be approximately $5.7 million. The total purchase price was assigned to customer relationships, except for $1.0 million and $1.2 million which were assigned to a software license agreement and a services agreement, respectively. The $65.0 million of cash was funded from a draw down of the Senior Credit Facility on a delayed basis as provided for and pursuant to the third amendment thereto executed in December 2018. See Note 7, Long-Term Debt.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, no earnings of PRET were allocated to the non-controlling interest pursuant to the profit-sharing agreement between the Company and the non-controlling interest.


eTab and Cumulus (Related Party)

In February 2019, a subsidiary of the Company, Priority Hospitality Technology, LLC ("PHT"), acquired substantially all of the operating assets and assumed certain related liabilities (the "net assets") of eTab, LLC ("eTab") and CUMULUS POS, LLC ("Cumulus") under asset contribution agreements. These net assets were composed substantially of technology-related assets. Prior to these transactions, eTab was 80% owned by the Company's Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer. No cash consideration was paid to the sellers of eTab or Cumulus at acquisition. As consideration for these acquired net assets, the sellers were issued redeemable preferred equity interests in PHT. Under these redeemable preferred equity interests, the sellers are eligible to receive up to $4.5 million of profits earned by PHT, plus a preferred yield on any of the $4.5 million amount that has not been distributed to them. The Company's Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer owns 83.3% of the redeemable preferred equity interests in PHT. Once a total of $4.5 million plus the preferred yield has been distributed to the holders of the redeemable preferred equity interests, the redeemable preferred equity interests will cease to exist. The value of the assets acquired and the fair value of the redeemable preferred equity interests in PHT have been estimated as of March 31, 2019 based on information available to the Company and may be adjusted, if necessary, should additional information become available to refine these estimates.



Residual Portfolio Acquisition

On March 15, 2019, a subsidiary of the Company paid $15.2 million cash to acquire certain residual portfolio rights. Of the $15.2 million, $5.0 million was funded from a delayed draw down of the Senior Credit Facility as provided for and pursuant to the third amendment thereto executed in December 2018. See Note 7, Long-Term Debt. Additionally, a $10.0 million draw was made against the revolving credit facility under the Senior Credit Facility and cash on hand was used to fund the remaining amount. The purchase price may be subject to an increase of up to $6.4 million in accordance with the terms of the agreement between the Company and the sellers. Any additional purchase price will be accounted for when payment to the seller becomes probable and it will be added to the carrying value of the asset.



3.    SETTLEMENT ASSETS AND OBLIGATIONS


The standards of the card networks restrict non-members, such as the Company, from performing funds settlement or accessing merchant settlement funds. Instead, these funds must be in the possession of the member bank until the merchant is funded. The Company has relationships with member banks to facilitate payment transactions. These agreements allow the Company to route transactions under a member bank's control to process and clear transactions through card networks. Amounts for payment card

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settlements included in settlement assets and obligations on the Company's consolidated balance sheets represent intermediary balances arising in the settlement process.

Reserves Held For ACH Customers

For the Company's ACH business component that conducts business as ACH.com, the Company earns revenues by processing ACH transactions for financial institutions and other business customers. Certain customers establish and maintain reserves with the Company to cover potential losses in processing ACH transactions. These reserves are held in bank accounts controlled by the Company. As such, the Company recognizes the cash balances within restricted cash and settlement obligations on its consolidated balance sheets.

Merchant Reserves and Estimated Shortfalls

Under agreements between the Company and merchants, merchants assume liability for obligations such as chargebacks, customer disputes, and unfilled orders.  However, under its risk-based underwriting policy, the Company may require certain merchants to establish and maintain reserves designed to protect the Company from anticipated obligations such as chargebacks, customer disputes, and unfilled orders. A merchant reserve account is funded by the merchant but controlled by a sponsor bank during the term of the merchant agreement. Unused merchant reserves are returned to the merchant after termination of the merchant agreement or in certain instances upon a reassessment of risks during the term of the merchant agreement. Sponsor banks held merchant reserves of approximately $120.5 million and $186.2 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Since these merchant reserves held at sponsor banks are not assets of the Company and the associated risks are not liabilities of the Company, neither is recognized on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. 

In the event the amount in a merchant reserve is insufficient to cover expected or incurred losses, the Company may be liable to cover the shortfall.  The Company recognized a liability for estimated shortfalls of approximately $2.1 million and $2.0 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.  The liabilities are included in the Company's consolidated balance sheet as contra balances against settlement assets.

The Company's settlement assets and obligations at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were as follows:

(in thousands)
 
 
 
Settlement Assets:
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Card settlements due from merchants, net of estimated losses
$
936

 
$
988

Card settlements due from processors
70

 
54

Total settlement assets
$
1,006

 
$
1,042

 
 
 
 
Settlement Obligations:
 
 
 
Card settlements due to merchants
$
767

 
$
777

Due to ACH payees (1)
12,614

 
10,355

Total Settlement Obligations
$
13,381

 
$
11,132


(1) Amounts due to ACH payees are held by the Company in restricted cash.



4.    GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The Company records goodwill when an acquisition is made and the purchase price is greater than the fair value assigned to the underlying tangible and intangible assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. The Company's goodwill was allocated to reporting units as follows:

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(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Consumer Payments
106,832

 
$
106,832

Commercial Payments and Managed Services
2,683

 
2,683

 
$
109,515

 
$
109,515




There were no changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

The Company's intangible assets primarily include merchant portfolios and other intangible assets such as non-compete agreements, trade names, acquired technology (developed internally by acquired companies prior to acquisition by the Company) and customer relationships. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, intangible assets consisted of the following:

(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Other intangible assets:
 
 
 
Merchant portfolios
$
153,152

 
$
137,576

Non-compete agreements
3,390

 
3,390

Tradename
2,870

 
2,870

Acquired technology
19,890

 
14,390

Customer relationships
124,630

 
55,940

 
303,932

 
214,166

Less accumulated amortization:
 
 
 
Merchant portfolios
(52,891
)
 
(48,492
)
Non-compete agreements
(3,390
)
 
(3,390
)
Trade names
(1,081
)
 
(1,017
)
Acquired technology
(10,981
)
 
(10,222
)
Customer relationships
(28,668
)
 
(26,408
)
 
(97,011
)
 
(89,529
)
 
 
 
 
 
$
206,921

 
$
124,637


 
See Note 2, Acquisitions of Assets, for information about additions made during the first quarter of 2019.

Amortization expense for finite-lived intangible assets was approximately $7.5 million and $2.7 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Amortization expense for future periods could differ due to new intangible asset acquisitions, changes in useful lives of existing intangible assets, and other relevant events or circumstances.

The Company tests goodwill for impairment for each of its reporting units on an annual basis, or when events occur or circumstances indicate the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying value. The Company expects to perform its next annual goodwill impairment test as of November 30, 2019 using market data and discounted cash flow analysis. The Company concluded there were no indicators of impairment as of March 31, 2019 or December 31, 2018. As such, there was no accumulated impairment loss as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.



5.    PROPERTY, EQUIPMENT AND SOFTWARE

The Company's property, equipment, and software balance primarily consists of furniture, fixtures, and equipment used in the normal course of business, computer software developed for internal use, and leasehold improvements. Computer software represents purchased software and internally developed back office and merchant interfacing systems used to assist the reporting of merchant processing transactions and other related information.


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A summary of property, equipment, and software as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 follows:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
Useful Life
Furniture and fixtures
$
2,254

 
$
2,254

 
2-7 years
Equipment
8,243

 
8,164

 
3-7 years
Computer software
30,055

 
27,804

 
3-5 years
Leasehold improvements
5,943

 
5,935

 
5-10 years
 
46,495

 
44,157

 
 
Less accumulated depreciation
(28,114
)
 
(26,675
)
 
 
Property, equipment, and software, net
$
18,381

 
$
17,482

 
 


Depreciation expense totaled $1.4 million and $1.1 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively.


6.    ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES

The Company accrues for certain expenses that have been incurred and not paid, which are classified within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

The components of accounts payable and accrued expenses that exceeded five percent of total current liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:

(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Accounts payable
$
6,582

 
$
8,030

Accrued compensation
$
3,156

 
$
6,193

Other accrued expenses
$
6,521

 
$
6,971




7.    LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt, excluding amounts outstanding on the revolving credit facility, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Term Loan - Senior, matures January 3, 2023 and bears interest at LIBOR plus 5.0% at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (rate of 7.50% at March 31, 2019 and 7.53% at December 31, 2018)
$
391,842

 
$
322,666

Term Loan - Subordinated, matures July 3, 2023 and bears interest at 5.0% plus payment-in-kind interest (rate of 10.5% at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018)
91,226

 
90,016

Total
483,068

 
412,682

Less: current portion of long-term debt
(3,293
)
 
(3,293
)
Less: unamortized debt discounts
(3,457
)
 
(3,300
)
Less: deferred financing costs
(3,781
)
 
(3,994
)
Total long-term debt
$
472,537

 
$
402,095



Substantially all of the Company's assets are pledged as collateral under a senior credit agreement with a syndicate of lenders (the "Senior Credit Agreement") and under a credit and guaranty agreement with Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. (the "GS Credit Agreement"). However, the parent entity, Priority Technology Holdings, Inc., is neither a borrower nor a guarantor of this aforementioned debt. The Company's subsidiaries that are borrowers or guarantors are referred to as the "Borrowers."


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The December 2018 modification of the Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement (collectively, the "Third Amendment") included a delayed draw basis amount of $70.0 million. Until the additional $70.0 million, net of a $350,000 discount, was drawn in March 2019, the Borrowers were assessed a fee on the undrawn amounts. This fee amounted to $0.4 million and is reflected in interest expense on the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

At March 31, 2019, the Senior Credit Agreement has a maximum borrowing amount of $422.5 million consisting of a $397.5 million term loan and a $25.0 million revolving credit facility. The allowed borrowings amount under the GS Credit Agreement is $80.0 million, excluding payment-in-kind interest.

The credit facilities under the Senior Credit Agreement (the "Senior Credit Facility") mature on January 3, 2023, with the exception of the revolving credit facility which expires on January 2, 2022. Any amounts outstanding under the revolving credit facility must be paid in full before the maturity date of January 2, 2022. The GS Credit Agreement matures on July 3, 2023.

At March 31, 2019, there was $10.0 million outstanding on the revolving credit facility; no amount was outstanding as of December 31, 2018. The variable interest rate on the revolving credit facility was 9.5% at March 31, 2019.

As a result of the Third Amendment, borrowings under the Senior Credit Agreement are subject to an applicable margin, or percentage per annum, equal to: (i) with respect to Initial Term Loans, (a) for LIBOR Rate Loans, 5.00% per annum and (b) for Base Rate Loans, 4.00% per annum; and (ii) with respect to Revolving Loans (a) for LIBOR Rate Loans and Letter of Credit fees, 5.00% per annum, (b) for Base Rate Loans, per annum, 4.00% and (c) for unused commitment fees, 0.50% per annum.

Under the Senior Credit Agreement, the Borrowers are required to make quarterly principal payments of $0.8 million. Additionally, the Borrowers may be obligated to make certain additional mandatory prepayments based on excess cash flow, as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement. No such prepayment was due for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Principal contractual maturities on long-term debt are as follows:

(in thousands)
 
 
Year
 
Maturities
2019
 
$
3,293

2020
 
3,293

2021
 
3,293

2022
 
3,293

2023
 
469,896

 
 
$
483,068




For each of the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, payment-in-kind (PIK) interest under the GS Credit Agreement added $1.2 million to the principal amount of the subordinated debt.

For the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, interest expense, including amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discounts, was $9.4 million and $6.9 million, respectively. Deferred financing costs and debt discounts are being amortized using the effective interest method over the remaining term of the respective debt and are recorded as a component of interest expense. Interest expense related to amortization of deferred finance costs and debt discounts was approximately $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively,


Covenants

The Senior Credit Agreement and the GS Credit Agreement, as amended, contain representations and warranties, financial and collateral requirements, mandatory payment events, events of default, and affirmative and negative covenants, including without

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limitation, covenants that restrict among other things, the ability to create liens, pay dividends or distribute assets from the Company's subsidiaries to Priority Technology Holdings, Inc., merge or consolidate, dispose of assets, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments or acquisitions, enter into certain transactions (including with affiliates), and to enter into certain leases. Substantially all of the Borrowers' assets are pledged as collateral under the Senior Credit Agreement and GS Credit Agreement. The Borrowers are also required to comply with certain restrictions on their Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Senior Credit Agreement and GS Credit Agreement). As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Borrowers were in compliance with the covenants.




8.    INCOME TAXES

Prior to July 25, 2018, substantially all of the Company's operations were conducted through pass-through entities for income tax purposes, and as such the Company had no material income tax accounting reflected in its financial statements for financial reporting purposes since substantially all taxable income and deductions were "passed through" to unconsolidated owners. Effective July 25, 2018, the Company is a "C Corp" and reports its income and deductions for income tax purposes. Accordingly, effective July 25, 2018, the consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the accounting for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes. The Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 reflect unaudited pro-forma income tax disclosure amounts to illustrate the income tax effects had the Company been subject to federal and state income taxes.

The Company's effective income tax rate was a benefit of approximately 21% for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.
The Company recognizes the tax effects of uncertain tax positions only if such positions are more likely than not to be sustained based solely upon its technical merits at the reporting date. The Company refers to the difference between the tax benefit recognized in its financial statements and the tax benefit claimed in the income tax return as an "unrecognized tax benefit." As of March 31, 2019, the net amount of our unrecognized tax benefits was not material.

The Company is subject to U.S. federal income tax and income tax in multiple state jurisdictions. Tax periods for 2015 and all years thereafter remain open to examination by the federal and state taxing jurisdictions and tax periods for 2014 and all years thereafter remain open for certain state taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject.


9.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is involved in certain legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of the Company, based on consultations with inside and outside counsel, the results of any of these ordinary course matters, individually and in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material effect on its results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.


10.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

See Note 2, Acquisitions of Assets, for information about the acquisitions of certain assets and liabilities of eTab and Cumulus.

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11.    RECONCILIATION OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT) AND NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST


The following tables provide a reconciliation of the beginning and ending carrying amounts of equity (deficit) attributable to stockholders of Priority Technology Holdings, Inc., and equity attributable to non-controlling interest:

(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional Paid-In Capital (Deficit)
 
Accumulated Earnings (Deficit)
 
Total Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. Stockholders' Deficit
 
Non-Controlling Interest
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

January 1, 2018
 

 
$

 
73,110

 
$
73

 
$

 
$
(90,228
)
 
$
(90,155
)
 
$

Distribution to members (before recapitalization)
 

 

 

 

 
(188
)
 
(3,836
)
 
(4,024
)
 

Member redemption (before recapitalization)
 

 

 
(12,565
)
 
(13
)
 

 
(64,890
)
 
(64,903
)
 

Pro-rata adjustment for redemption (before recapitalization)
 

 

 
(724
)
 

 

 

 

 

Equity-based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
188

 

 
188

 

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,177
)
 
(3,177
)
 

March 31, 2018
 

 
$

 
59,821

 
$
60

 
$

 
$
(162,131
)
 
$
(162,071
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 1, 2019
 

 
$

 
67,038

 
$
67

 
$

 
$
(85,540
)
 
$
(85,473
)
 
$

Equity-based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
1,160

 

 
1,160

 

Warrant redemptions
 

 

 
420

 
(a)

 
(a)

 

 

 

Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(6,446
)
 
(6,446
)
 

Issuance of non-controlling interest
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
$
5,654

March 31, 2019
 

 
$

 
67,458

 
$
67

 
$
1,160

 
$
(91,986
)
 
$
(90,759
)
 
$
5,654


(a) Par value of the common shares issued in connection with the warrant exchange rounds to less than one thousand dollars (see Note 12, Equity).


The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock with such designations, voting and other rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the board of directors. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company has not issued any shares of preferred stock.


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12.    EQUITY

Warrants for the Company's Common Stock

In August 2018, the Company was informed by Nasdaq that it intended to delist the Company's outstanding warrants and units due to an insufficient number of round lot holders for the public warrants. The Company subsequently filed a Registration Statement on Form S-4 with the SEC for the purpose of offering holders of the Company's outstanding 5,310,109 public warrants and 421,107 private warrants the opportunity to exchange each warrant for 0.192 shares of the Company's common stock. The exchange offer expired in February 2019 resulting in a portion of the warrants being tendered in exchange for approximately 420,000 shares of the Company's common stock plus cash in lieu of fractional shares. Nasdaq proceeded to delist the remaining outstanding warrants and units, which were comprised of one share of common stock and one warrant, from The Nasdaq Global Market at the open of business on March 6, 2019. The delisting of the remaining outstanding warrants and units had no impact on the Company's financial statements.

Earn-Out Consideration

An additional 9.8 million common shares may be issued under the Company's Earn-Out Incentive Plan. For the first earn-out of up to 4.9 million common shares, consolidated adjusted EBITDA (as defined in the Earn-Out Incentive Plan) of the Company must have been no less than $82.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the Company's stock price must trade in excess of $12.00 for any 20 trading days within any consecutive 30-day trading period at any time on or before December 31, 2019. For the second earn-out of up to 4.9 million common shares, consolidated adjusted EBITDA of the Company must be no less than $91.5 million for the year ending December 31, 2019 and the Company's stock price must trade in excess of $14.00 for any 20 trading days within any consecutive 30-day trading period at any time between January 1, 2019 and December 31, 2020. In the event that the first earn-out targets are not met, the entire 9.8 million shares may be issued if the second earn-out targets are met. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31 2018, none of the 9.8 million shares have been earned. Any unvested shares issued to management or directors under compensation plans will be expensed under the provisions of ASC 718, Stock Compensation.



13.    EQUITY-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS


The Company has three equity-based compensation plans: 2018 Equity Incentive Plan; Earnout Incentive Plan; and 2014 Management Incentive Plan. Total equity-based compensation expense for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was approximately $1.2 million and $0.2 million, respectively, which is included in Salary and employee benefits in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. Expense recognized by plan was as follows:

(in thousands)
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
2018 Equity Incentive Plan
 
$
924

 
$

2014 Management Incentive Plan
 
236

 
188

Earnout Incentive Plan
 

 

Total
 
$
1,160

 
$
188





Grants under the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan will begin to vest starting in July 2019.

Beginning in 2018, the Company elected to recognize the effects of forfeitures on compensation expense as the forfeitures occur for all plans.

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14.    FAIR VALUE


The following is a description of the valuation methodology used for the warrants issued to Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. ("GS") and contingent consideration issued in business combinations, which were recorded and remeasured at fair value at the end of each reporting period.


GS Warrants

In connection with the GS Credit Agreement, warrants issued by Holdings to GS for the purchase of Holdings' Class A common units (each, a "GS Warrant" and collectively, the "GS Warrants") were issued, canceled, and replaced at various times in 2018 and prior years. During the first quarter of 2018, a GS Warrant for the purchase of 1.8% of Holdings' outstanding Class A common units was replaced by a GS Warrant to purchase of 2.2% of Holdings' Class A Common units. This new GS Warrant had a term of 7 years, an exercise price of $0, and could be exercised at any time prior to expiration date. Since the obligation was based solely on the fact that the 2.2% interest in the equity of Holdings was fixed and known at inception as well as the fact that GS could exercise the GS Warrant with a settlement in cash any time prior to the expiration date of December 31, 2023, the outstanding GS Warrant was required to be recorded as a liability. At March 31, 2018, the outstanding GS Warrant had a fair value of $12.2 million. A $3.5 million increase in the fair value of the GS Warrant for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 is included in Other, net in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. The GS Warrant was redeemed in full on July 25, 2018.

The GS Warrants were classified as level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the GS warrants was estimated based on the fair value of Holdings using a weighted-average of values derived from generally accepted valuation techniques, including market approaches, which consider the guideline public company method, the guideline transaction method, the recent funding method, and an income approach, which considered discounted cash flows.


Contingent Consideration Issued in 2018 Business Combinations

The estimated fair values of contingent consideration related to the Priority Payment Systems Tech Partners and Priority Payment Systems Northeast business acquisitions are based on a weighted payout probability at the measurement date, which falls within Level 3 on the fair value hierarchy. Both of these acquisitions occurred during the third quarter of 2018. At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the total fair value of the contingent consideration for both acquisitions was approximately $1.0 million, which was not materially different than the fair values on their original measurement dates.

The following table shows a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs that were classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:


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(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent Consideration
 
Warrant Liability
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$

 
$
8,701

Extinguishment of GS 1.8% warrant liability
 

 
(8,701
)
GS 2.2% warrant liability
 

 
12,182

Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$

 
$
12,182

 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2019
 
$
980

 
$

Fair value adjustments
 

 

Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
980

 
$




There were no transfers among the fair value levels during the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.


Fair Value of Debt

The Borrower's outstanding debt obligations (see Note 7, Long-Term Debt) are reflected in the Company's consolidated balance sheets at carrying value since the Company did not elect to remeasure debt obligations to fair value at the end of each reporting period. The carrying values of the long-term debt approximate fair value due to mechanisms in the credit agreements that adjust the applicable interest rates.



15.    SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has two reportable segments that are reviewed by the Company's chief operating decision maker ("CODM"), who is the Company's President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman. The Consumer Payments operating segment is one reportable segment. The Commercial Payments, Institutional Services, and Integrated Partners operating segments are aggregated into one reportable segment, Commercial Payments and Managed Services.

Consumer Payments – represents consumer-related services and offerings including merchant acquiring and transaction processing services including the proprietary MX enterprise suite. Either through acquisition of merchant portfolios or through resellers, the Company becomes a party or enters into contracts with a merchant and a sponsor bank. Pursuant to the contracts, for each card transaction, the sponsor bank collects payment from the credit, debit or other payment card issuing bank, net of interchange fees due to the issuing bank, pays credit card association (e.g., Visa, MasterCard) assessments and pays the transaction fee due to the Company for the suite of processing and related services it provides to merchants, with the remainder going to the merchant.

Commercial Payments and Managed Services – represents services provided to certain enterprise customers, including outsourced sales force to those customers and accounts payable automation services to commercial customers. Additional payment and payment adjacent services are provided to the health care and residential real estate industries.


Corporate includes costs of corporate functions and shared services not allocated to our reportable segments. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company adjusted its methodology of allocating certain corporate overhead costs to its reportable segments. All prior periods presented have been adjusted to reflect the current allocation methodology.

Information on segments and reconciliations to consolidated revenues, consolidated income (loss) from operations, and consolidated depreciation and amortization are as follows for the periods presented:


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Quarter Ended March 31,
(in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Consumer Payments
 
$
89,822

 
$
108,981

Commercial Payments and Managed Services
 
10,155

 
6,615

Consolidated Revenues
 
$
99,977

 
$
115,596

 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from operations:
 
 
 
 
Consumer Payments
 
$
7,719

 
$
15,215

Commercial Payments and Managed Services
 
(684
)
 
(327
)
Corporate
 
(6,069
)
 
(7,010
)
Consolidated income from operations
 
$
966

 
$
7,878

 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
 
Consumer Payments
 
$
7,808

 
$
3,436

Commercial Payments and Managed Services
 
789

 
140

Corporate
 
328

 
191

Consolidated depreciation and amortization
 
$
8,925

 
$
3,767




A reconciliation of total income from operations of reportable segments to the Company's net loss is provided in the following table:

(in thousands)
 
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Total income from operations of reportable segments
 
$
7,035

 
$
14,888

Less Corporate
 
(6,069
)
 
(7,010
)
Less interest expense
 
(9,363
)
 
(6,929
)
Plus (less) other, net
 
227

 
(4,126
)
Income tax benefit
 
(1,724
)
 

     Net loss
 
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,177
)


The Company is not significantly reliant upon any single customer for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. Substantially all revenues are generated in the United States.


16.     LOSS PER SHARE

The following tables set forth the computation of the Company's loss per share:

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Quarter Ended March 31,
(in thousands except per share amounts)
 
2019
 
2018
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,177
)
Less:  Distributions to participating securities
 

 
(45
)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
 
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,222
)
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
 
67,164

 
58,543

 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted loss per share
 
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.06
)


Anti-dilutive securities that were excluded from loss per share that could potentially be dilutive in future periods are as follows:
(in thousands)
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Warrants on common stock

 
5,731

Restricted stock awards
238

 

Stock options
2,047

 

Earnout incentive awards issued
95

 






17.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Subsequent events have been evaluated from the balance sheet date through May 14, 2019, the date on which the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were available to be issued.


Stock Repurchases

On April 17, 2019, April 26, 2019, May 1, 2019 and May 13, 2019, the Company repurchased an aggregate of 445,298 shares of its common stock for an aggregate amount in cash of $2.4 million under the stock repurchase program authorized by the Company's board of directors in December 2018.





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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 and the section entitled "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2019 (the "Annual Report").


Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements 

Some of the statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our or our management's expectations, hopes, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. In addition, any statements that refer to projections, forecasts or other characterizations of future events or circumstances, such as statements about our future financial performance, including any underlying assumptions, are forward- looking statements. The words "anticipate," "believe," "continue," "could," "estimate," "expect," "future," "goal," "intend," "likely," "may," "might," "plan," "possible," "potential," "predict," "project," "seek," "should," "would," "will," "approximately," "shall" and similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about: 

competition in the payment processing industry;
the use of distribution partners;
any unauthorized disclosures of merchant or cardholder data, whether through breach of our computer systems, computer viruses, or otherwise;
any breakdowns in our processing systems;
government regulation, including regulation of consumer information;
the use of third-party vendors;
any changes in card association and debit network fees or products;
any failure to comply with the rules established by payment networks or standards established by third-party processor;
any proposed acquisitions or any risks associated with completed acquisitions; and
other risks and uncertainties set forth in the "Item 1A - Risk Factors" included in the Annual Report.

We caution you that the foregoing list may not contain all of the forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 

The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on our current expectations and beliefs concerning future developments and their potential effects on us. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements in deciding whether to invest in our securities. We cannot assure you that future developments affecting us will be those that we have anticipated. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond our control) or other assumptions that may cause our actual results or performance to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of our assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary in material respects from those projected in these forward-looking statements.

In addition, statements that "we believe" and similar statements reflect our beliefs and opinions on the relevant subject. These statements are based upon information available to us as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and while we believe such information forms a reasonable basis for such statements, such information may be limited or incomplete, and our statements should not be read to indicate that we have conducted an exhaustive inquiry into, or review of, all potentially available relevant information. These statements are inherently uncertain, and investors are cautioned not to unduly rely upon these statements.

You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the understanding that our actual future results, levels of activity, performance and achievements may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. 

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Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they were made. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.


Terms Used in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context otherwise requires, references to the terms "Company," "we," "us" and "our" refer to Priority Technology Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.



Results of Operations

This section includes a summary of our results of operations for the periods presented followed by a detailed discussion of our results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2018. We have derived this data, except key indicators for merchant bankcard processing dollar values and transaction volumes, from our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report.

Our revenue for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 has been negatively affected by the closure of high-margin accounts with certain subscription-billing e-commerce merchants. The closure of merchants in this channel was due to industry-wide changes for enhanced card association compliance. This revenue, which is entirely within our Consumer Payments reportable segment, was $3.9 million and $31.7 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Our income from operations associated with these merchants was $1.6 million and $10.0 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

In addition to the impact of the closures of certain merchants described above, our income from operations for the first quarter of 2019 has been negatively affected by certain expenses largely associated with our July 25, 2018 business combination (the "Business Combination"), conversion to a public company and certain legal matters. These expenses, which were entirely within Corporate, were $1.2 million and $3.3 million for the first quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.


























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Quarter ended March 31, 2019 compared to quarter ended March 31, 2018

 
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
% Change
 
(dollars in thousands)
REVENUE:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Merchant card fees
$
91,829

 
$
108,010

 
$
(16,181
)
 
(15.0
)%
Outsourced services and other
8,148

 
7,586

 
562

 
7.4
 %
Total revenue
99,977

 
115,596

 
(15,619
)
 
(13.5
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Costs of merchant card fees
67,871

 
82,813

 
(14,942
)
 
(18.0
)%
Costs of outsourced services and other
4,566

 
4,376

 
190

 
4.3
 %
Salary and employee benefits
10,899

 
8,972

 
1,927

 
21.5
 %
Depreciation and amortization
8,925

 
3,767

 
5,158

 
136.9
 %
Selling, general and administrative
6,750

 
7,790

 
(1,040
)
 
(13.4
)%
Total operating expenses
99,011

 
107,718

 
(8,707
)
 
(8.1
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
966

 
7,878

 
(6,912
)
 
(87.7
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense
(9,363
)
 
(6,929
)
 
(2,434
)
 
35.1
 %
Other, net
227

 
(4,126
)
 
4,353

 
(105.5
)%
Total other expenses, net
(9,136
)
 
(11,055
)
 
1,919

 
(17.4
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes
(8,170
)
 
(3,177
)
 
(4,993
)
 
157.2
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
(1,724
)
 

 
(1,724
)
 
nm

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        Net loss
$
(6,446
)
 
$
(3,177
)
 
$
(3,269
)
 
102.9
 %
























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The following table shows our segment income statement data and selected performance measures for the periods indicated:

(dollars and volume amounts in thousands)
Quarter Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
% Change
 

Consumer Payments:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
89,822

 
$
108,981

 
$
(19,159
)
 
(17.6
)%
Operating expenses
82,103

 
93,766

 
(11,663
)
 
(12.4
)%
Income from operations
$
7,719

 
$
15,215

 
$
(7,496
)
 
(49.3
)%
Operating margin
8.6
 %
 
14.0
 %
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
$
7,808

 
$
3,436

 
$
4,372

 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Key Indicators:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Merchant bankcard processing dollar value
$